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Four strategies for remembering everything you learn    Many struggle to retain facts they learn Getty Images/iStockphoto  If you're going to learn anything you need two kinds of prior knowledge:   knowledge about the subject at hand like math history or programming  knowledge about how learning actually works  The bad news: Our education system kinda skips one of them which is terrifying given that your ability to learn is such a huge predictor of success in life from achieving in academics to getting ahead at work. It all requires mastering skill after skill.   Parents and educators are pretty good at imparting the first kind of knowledge shares psych writer Annie Murphy Paul. We're comfortable talking about concrete information: names dates numbers facts. But the guidance we offer on the act of learning itself - the 'meta-cognitive' aspects of learning - is more hit-or-miss and it shows.  To wit new education research shows that low-achieving students have substantial deficits in their understanding of the cognitive strategies that allow people to learn well. This Paul says suggests that part of the reason students perform poorly is that they don't know a lot about how learning actually works.   It's a culture-wide issue.  Henry Roediger and Mark McDaniel psychologists at Washington University in St. Louis and coauthors of Make It Stick: The Science Of Successful Learning say that how we teach and study is largely a mix of theory lore and intuition.  So let's cut through that lore. Here are learning strategies that really work.   Force yourself to recall  The least-fun part of effective learning is that it's hard. In fact the Make It Stick authors contend that when learning if difficult you're doing your best learning in the same way that lifting a weight at the limit of your capacity makes you strongest.   It's simple though not easy to take advantage of this: force yourself to recall a fact. Flashcards are a great ally in this since they force you to supply answers.  Don't fall for fluency  When you're reading something and it feels easy what you're experiencing is fluency.  It'll only get you in trouble.  Example: Say for instance you're at the airport and you're trying to remember which gate your flight to Chicago is waiting for you at. You look at the terminal monitors  it's B44. You think to yourself oh B44 that's easy. Then you walk away idly check your phone and instantly forget where you're going.   The alternative: You read the gate number. Then you turn away from the monitor and ask yourself what's the gate? If you can recall that it's B44 you're good to go.   Connect the new thing to the old things  The more you can explain about the way your new learning relates to prior knowledge the Make It Stick authors write the stronger your grasp of the new learning will be and the more connections you create that will help you remember it later.   When you're weaving in new threads into your pre-existing web of knowledge you're elaborating.   One killer technique is to come up with real-life examples of principles you've just uncovered. If you've just learned about slant rhyme you could read poems that exhibit it. If you've just discovered heat transfer you could think of the way a warm cup of cocoa disperses warmth into your hands on a cold winter's day.  Reflect reflect reflect  Looking back helps. In a Harvard Business School study  employees who were onboarded to a call centre had 22.8% higher performance than the control group when they spent just 15 minutes reflecting on their work at the end of the day.   When people have the opportunity to reflect they experience a boost in self-efficacy HBS professor Francesca Gino tells us. They feel more confident that they can achieve things. As a result they put more effort into what they're doing and what they learn.  While reflecting may seem like it leads to working less it leads to achieving more.    Why bottled water is one of the biggest scams of the century  This 12-year-old came up with a way to stop allergies before they star  Millennium Falcon found on Google Maps  Read the original article on Business Insider UK.  2016. Follow Business Insider UK on Twitter.  Source:Independent
Virtual reality lessons could make some teachers millionaires experts predict    A robot serving food in a restaurant in China; they could soon be used to teach maths and reading to primary school pupils Getty  Robot classroom assistants and virtual reality learning could see celebrity teachers make millions experts claim.  Technology is set to play a vital role in helping the 263 million children globally who are not in school delegates at the annual Headmasters and Headmistresses Conference (HMC) heard.  Mark Steed the director of Dubai private school Jess said the format was already being used by some teachers to offer global internet-based seminars earning millions of pounds in the process.  He pointed to a Korean teacher who offers online lessons on cramming learning and made $8m (6m) in one year.  Mr Steed also predicted that robots could be used to teach maths and reading to primary school pupils.  He said there was already an example in Dubai where a robot accompanied sick children from the classroom to the schools health centre.  I think we will see more robots in the classroom and I think they will become routine particularly in primary classrooms as teaching assistants he said.  Mr Steed who outlined his vision at the HMC conference in Belfast said virtual reality (VR) headsets could enable a child in the developing world to sit in on a lesson delivered in a top independent school.  Humanoid robot arrives in the UK  He said footage captured by a 360-degree camera placed in the second row of one of the classrooms at Jess provided a totally immersive experience when watched through a VR headset.  When you put a headset on you feel as if you are in a classroom and its a very different experience from the passive idea of watching a screen he said.  I can turn to the left and right and see the people who are in the class there.  Theres no reason with time with increasing bandwidth and processor speed and everything that you could have the experience of a pupil sitting anywhere in the world feeling as if they were in the classroom of one of the top schools in the world.  He suggested the for-profit school sector had the resources to invest in the technology required to deliver the concept.  The educationalist also expressed confidence that cost implications associated with supplying headsets would not be overly prohibitive in the developing world.  He said the spread of mobile phones in developing countries was an example of how technology was not a barrier.  Mr Steed said he did not think the developments would catch on in UK schools in the short-term claiming the nation was too wedded to the traditional concept of a teacher standing in front of a class.  But he predicted such technology would increasingly be used to address education deficits elsewhere in the world.  I think technology is going to become part of the solution he said.  I dont think well see much of this necessarily in the UK in the short-term but on a global scale there will be opportunities for top teachers and the top institutions to share their lessons with people around the world.  The HMC is a body which represents the heads of independent schools around the world.  PA  Source:Independent